The Accentual Pattern and Prosody of the Chonnam Dialect of Korean

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Ohio State University. Department of Linguistics

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This paper examines the pitch accent properties of the South Cholla (Chonnam) dialect. The Chonnam dialect has two kinds of accentual patterns, Low-High-Low and High-High-Low, which are determined by the properties of the first segment of a phrase. The domain of the accentual pattern is a Phonological phrase in the prosodic hierarchy postulated in Selkirk (1980, 1984) and Nespor and Vogel (1982, 1986), assuming a phonological word is the same as a morphological word, a lexical word plus any postnominal particles and inflectional endings. Basically each phonological word can form one accentual phrase. However, more than one phonological word can form one accentual phrase due to semantic factors or focus variation. It is also argued that the Chonnam dialect has two more units of prosodic structure above the phonological phrase within an utterance, namely the Intermediate Phrase and the Intonational Phrase (Beckman and Pierrehumbert 1986). An Intermediate phrase in Chonnam is characterized as the domain of downstep between phonological phrases. An Intonational phrase is characterized by a High or High-Low boundary tone. The data used in this paper are from the dialect spoken in Kwangju, the main city in the Chonnam province.




Working Papers in Linguistics, no. 38 (1990), 121-140.