Broad Emission-line Variability in Markarian 335
American Astronomical Society
We present the results of 6 years of spectroscopic monitoring of the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 335. Each year, the observations span 5-7 months at a nominal sampling rate of one observation per week. Analysis of the spectroscopic observations shows clear coordinated variability in the continuum and in the broad Hβ and He II λ4686 emission lines. The principal goal of this monitoring program is to measure the time delay between the continuum variations and the corresponding responses of the broad Hβ and He II emission lines. We derive time delays of ~17 days for Hβ and ~2 days for He II. From the spectral time series we construct average, root mean square, and difference spectra, which show that the broad Hβ variations are confined to the core of the broad emission lines, whereas the He II variations take place across the full width of the profile. The He II emission line is about twice as broad as the Hβ line. Comparison of the He II and Hβ lags and line widths indicates that the BLR has a radially stratified ionization structure and that the highest velocity gas is closest to the continuum source. We also find no evidence for correlation between the line profile variations and the continuum and emission-line flux variations, as has been found in other cases. Rather, the line profile variations seem to imply dynamical changes in the BLR.
galaxies: active, galaxies: individual (Markarian 335), galaxies: Seyfert
Tina M. Kassebaum et al,"Broad Emission-line Variability in Markarian 335," The Astrophysical Journal 475, no. 1 (1997), doi:10.1086/303524