The Effects of Municipal Pumping from a Shallow Glacial Aquifer at Bryan, Northwestern Ohio

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The city of Bryan in northwestern Ohio has been recognized as the Fountain City because of its location within a well-known belt of flowing wells. Municipal pumping, however, has lowered the water table so that few wells in the vicinity of the city now flow naturally. The city plans to locate a new well field in its vicinity as the limits of its existing fields are approached. These plans have generated concern among local rural well owners who fear that a further decline in ground-water levels will necessitate deepening their shallow domestic wells or will require deeper pump installation. Some residents have offered alternatives to a new well field outside of Bryan including: (1) restricting the city to wells within its limits, (2) increasing the volume of ground-water withdrawn from existing wells, and (3) constructing a surface reservoir to meet future water requirements. As an alteranative, it is recommended that future well-field development focus upon a sparsely-populated area north of Bryan where significant thicknesses of sand and gravel are known to exist.


Author Institution: Department of Geology, Indiana University ; Department of Geology, University of Toledo



The Ohio Journal of Science. v81, n2 (March, 1981), 55-63