Eficiencia Relativa de los Bancos Estatales y Privados en Costa Rica: Una Estimacion No Parametrica de Fronteras

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1994-06

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Ohio State University. Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics

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This paper uses a non-parametric linear programming method (data envelopment analysis) to estimate a best-practice production frontier as an indicator of the relative efficiency of banks. A pooled sample and separate samples allow this estimation for Costa Rican private and state-owned banks. The determinants of differences in efficiency between private and state-owned banks are explored in terms of regulation, the nature of property rights, market structure and degree of competition, as well as financial technologies. An intermediation approach is used and pure technical efficiency is separated from scale efficiency. The relative inefficiency of the state-owned banks is measured and explained.

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