Traumatic Lessons in Two Protohistoric Populations from Ohio

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Skeletal remains of 2 protohistoric Amerindian populations from Ohio were examined for the presence of traumatic lesions. Of the 166 skeletons analyzed, 9.6% (16) exhibited osteological traumas. In 81.3% (13) of these injuries, the causes appeared to have been accidents, and in 18.7% (3) the causes were aggressive activities. The accidental traumas were bony fractures which probably resulted from a fall. The inflicted traumas were produced with weapons. The skeletons from Anderson displayed a significantly (P < .05) higher frequency (18.2%) of total trauma than those from Eiden (6.6%). For both of the populations the difference observed between frequencies for inflicted and accidental trauma was not statistically significant. Within each population there was no significant difference between males and females for the frequency of traumas. Also, there was no significant difference in the frequency of traumas for the females of the 2 groups. However, males from Anderson had a significantly (P < .05) higher frequency (26.3%) of trauma than males from Eiden (7.0%).


Author Institution: Department of Anthropology, Cleveland State University



The Ohio Journal of Science. v82, n4 (September, 1982), 161-165