Longitudinal Mediation Models of Coping, Spiritual Connection, Spiritual Meaning, Positive Affect and Distress in Cancer Survivors

Loading...
Thumbnail Image

Date

2007-03

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

The Ohio State University

Research Projects

Organizational Units

Journal Issue

Abstract

Religiosity/spirituality is linked to better well-being. Spiritual Framework of Coping (SFC) model proposes paths to achieving emotional well-being, through spiritual connections/coping and meaning-making. To test SFC, four models were examined in 103 cancer patients, assessed at diagnosis, and again 12-/18-/24-/36- months post-diagnosis. Measures include religious and active-cognitive coping, religious attendance/importance, positive affect, spiritual meaning, and psychological distress (mood and depressive symptoms). Mediation was established by hierarchical multiple regressions and a Sobel test statistic. Positive affect served as a mediator between positive coping and spiritual meaning, and between spiritual connections and spiritual meaning. Spiritual meaning served as a mediator between positive affect and distress. Results support the SFC model, highlighting the importance of meaning and positive affect in adjusting to cancer.

Description

Keywords

cancer, coping, meaning, distress

Citation