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dc.creatorChen, Emily
dc.creatorYohannes, Ellena
dc.creatorBurgess, Samantha
dc.creatorShanahan, Daniel
dc.identifier.citationFuture Directions of Music Cognition (2021), pp. 102-104en_US
dc.description.abstractThe relationship between musical expectation and physiological stress has been examined with increasing frequency in recent years (Huron, 2006; Tarr, et al. 2016). Stress induced from either an unexpected musical event can be studied through the measurement of heart rate (Steinbeis et al., 2006). Previous studies have focused on the interaction between global features (e.g., beat subdivision and pitch height) and stress (Liu, et al. 2018), while others have found no effect of local harmonic violations on heart rate (Steinbeis et al., 2006) and little effect of rhythmic entrainment (Mütze, Kopiez, & Wolf, 2020). More research is needed that focuses on the relationship between predictors of stress through local textural and rhythmic features inherent in musical genres. This study examines the role of specific musical and stylistic features on heart rate. Specifically, we examined elements of electronic dance music (EDM), including fulfilled and avoided "bass drops", defined as a climax of beat subdivision and pitch height which acts as a resolution for the musical phrase. Due to COVID-19, the data collection for this study is still ongoing, although we hypothesize that musical markers of stress, such as the avoidance of bass drops, are positively correlated with a heart rate.en_US
dc.publisherOhio State University. Librariesen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 Emily Chen, Ellena Yohannes, Samantha Burgess, Daniel Shanahanen_US
dc.subjectHeart rateen_US
dc.subjectelectronic dance musicen_US
dc.subjectmusical expectationen_US
dc.titleDropping the bass: The relationship between heart rate and expectation in electronic dance music (A preliminary report)en_US
dc.rights.ccAttribution 4.0 International

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Attribution 4.0 International
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