CATCH Court: An innovative method to combating human trafficking in women
ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences)
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. College of Social Work Honors Theses; 2020
Aims: This study explored the intersections of mental health, substance abuse, and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) among women who have histories of human trafficking and the court staff that work with them. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional exploratory design that includes a quantitative (Phase 1) and a qualitative component (Phase 2). Phase 1 of the study provides a descriptive lens of the women (n=61) participants in Changing Actions to Change Habits (CATCH) Court in 2016. Phase 2 includes semi-structured interviews with CATCH court staff (n=5) to explore their perspectives about mental health, substance abuse, ACEs and human trafficking and their impact on female participants in the program. For Phase 1, univariate analysis was performed and includes demographic information, as well as, the prevalence of mental health and substance abuse disorders, drug/alcohol and mental health services received, and ACEs of the women. For Phase 2, preliminary findings based on thematic analysis was conducted to understand the impact of these factors and human trafficking on female participants in the CATCH Court program. Results: Phase 1 results suggest high levels of opioid use and PTSD diagnoses for women. Preliminary findings of Phase 2 data include 4 primary themes: social bonds (including the exploiter), dual/comorbid/co-occurring mental health disorders, barriers, and success during and after the program as reported by the court staff. Conclusions: These findings highlight high levels of mental health and substance abuse disorders, i.e., opioid abuse among women. Also, given the indescribable impact the exploiter has on the victim, court diversion programs need to focus on developing comprehensive social support during and after their program completion.
Academic Major: Social Work
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