Effectiveness of Culturally Tailored Interventions for Hispanic Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Keywords:Hispanic American Adults
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
MetadataShow full item record
Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. College of Nursing Honors Theses; 2020
Introduction/Background: Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States (CDC, 2020) and Hispanic American population has a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes (CDC, 2020). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review to examine the effects of the culturally tailored interventions on improvements of glycemic control HbA1C and health-related quality of life among Hispanic American adults with type 2 diabetes. Methods: PUBMED and CINAHL databases were used to conduct the literature search on culturally tailored diabetes interventions for Hispanic Americans with type 2 diabetes. Inclusion criteria included the articles published in the past 10 years, English language, peer reviewed, the sample population of Hispanic American adults, and diabetes interventions. Results: Ten articles met the criteria. The culturally tailored intervention strategies included low literacy level educational material, bilingual community healthcare workers, Hispanic dietary options, and family/social support. These interventions improved health-related quality of life and glycemic control. Conclusion: Healthcare providers should integrate family and social support in the care of Hispanics with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes intervention strategies should consider bilingual healthcare workers as navigators and the use low literacy level educational material.
Academic Major: Nursing