DEVELOPMENT OF TINB2O7 ANODE FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY ANODES
Advisor:Kim, Jung Hyun
MetadataShow full item record
Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Honors Theses; 2020
With an increase in gasoline price and greenhouse gas emissions, hybrid electrical vehicles (HEV) and pure electric vehicles (EV) have been commercialized in auto market. Li-ion batteries have become the dominant power source for the EV applications because of many advantages such as high energy densities, less pollution, stable performance and long cycle life. However, the market for HEVs and EVs need to overcome many technical issues. For example, energy densities and cycle life of Li-ion batteries need to be improved at low temperature for electrical vehicle applications. TiNb2O7 (TNO) electrode-based battery can be a good choice in order to improve the energy densities and cycle life. The original anode-based batteries are Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) anode-based batteries. I have made a comparison between TNO anode and LTO anode for Li-ion batteries. The energy densities of TNO anode-based batteries are around 350Wh/L and the energy densities of LTO anode-based batteries are around 177Wh/L. It means that TNO anode-based batteries have a higher energy density than LTO anode-based batteries. In addition, TNO anode batteries have a longer cycle life and shorter charging time than LTO anode batteries. The purpose of this research is to identify whether the TNO anodes-based batteries have the advantage of high energy and power densities for Li-ion batteries application. First, I need to identify whether the TNO anode can be run in normal cycling battery by doing half-cell test. I have done the half-cell test which consist of TNO anode and metallic Li as a counter electrode. The voltage profile obtained from half-cell test fits well with TNO electrode. In addition, cycle life tendency corresponding to high-density TNO composite electrode which indicate the TNO electrode can be used in normal cycling battery. In the future research study, I will identify the important parameters that lead to poor performance in the low-temperature condition and demonstrate the performance of TiNb2O7 anodes-based batteries has been improved in the low temperature condition.
I have received 1200 dollars research scholarship.
Academic Major: Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering Research Office