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dc.creatorBundschuh, John
dc.identifier.citationBundschuh, John. "Japanese Particle i: A Study in Early Middle Japanese." Buckeye East Asian Linguistics, vol. 3 (October 2018), p. 11-20.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe meaning of early Japanese particle i remains contested. It is most often described in the kokugogaku tradition as an 'emphatic' particle, but has also been analyzed as an accusative marker, active marker, nominalizing suffix, nominative marker, demonstrative pronoun, and a quasi-free noun meaning 'person' or 'thing'. However, the above conclusions are drawn from particle i's quite limited use in Old Japanese (OJ), since it was thereafter restricted to kundokugo, the linguistic variety used in Japanese renderings of Sinitic texts. Whitman & Yanagida (2012) examine i in Early Middle Japanese kundokugo sources, concluding it acts as a broad focus particle after indeclinable noun phrases. This study however, supplies evidence that the focus and emphasis often noted of particle i can be attributed to its being a bound referential pronominal used to increase the specificity and referentiality of the marked noun phrase.en_US
dc.publisherOhio State University. Librariesen_US
dc.rightsThe author retains copyright ownership of this article. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the author.en_US
dc.subjectEarly Middle Japaneseen_US
dc.subjectOld Japaneseen_US
dc.subjecthistorical linguisticsen_US
dc.titleJapanese Particle i: A Study in Early Middle Japaneseen_US

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