RAPID AUTHENTICATION OF CONCORD JUICE CONCENTRATION IN A GRAPE JUICE BLEND USING FOURIER-TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY AND CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. Department of Food Science and Technology Honors Theses; 2012
Concord grape juice is associated with many health benefits, and so it can be sold at a premium price. However, there is currently no method to verify the percent composition of Concord grape juice in grape juice blends. In order to guard against potential adulteration, a rapid method for authentication is required. Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy was used to develop a model which predicts the percent composition of Concord grape juice. The model was based on a training set of 64 samples with Concord concentrations ranging from 50-100%. Data was collected on an external validation set with a standard error of prediction of 5.55% using 7 factors. The results suggest the feasibility of using FT-IR coupled with chemometrics as a production-scale tool for authentication claims of Concord in grape juice blends, protecting consumers and businesses against deceptive labeling.
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