The Influence of Orthography and Sentence Constraint on the Processing of Nouns in Japanese
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Publisher:Ohio State University. Department of Linguistics
Citation:Working Papers in Linguistics, no. 44 (1994), 92-104.
Utilizing a word-by-word reading paradigm, we investigated the role of orthographic familiarity in the processing of Japanese nouns by comparing the reading times of words that were kanji dominant (the kanji form is preferred by native speakers), kana dominant (the kana form is preferred), and orthographically neutral (both forms are equally acceptable). Target words appeared in kana or kanji, and were embedded in highly constraining (Experiment 1) or unconstraining (Experiment 2) carrier sentences. The results suggest that orthography does not affect reading time unless the sentence is highly constraining, in which case the most familiar orthography is faster.
This research was made possible through a fellowship funded by the Center for Cognitive Science, the Department of Linguistics, and the Department of East Asian Languages and Literatures, all of the Ohio State University.