Variables Contributing to the Psychological Well-Being in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. College of Nursing Honors Theses; 2017
(Background) Recent statistics indicate that approximately 12 percent of women in the United States will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer in their lifetimes. A breast cancer diagnosis can be detrimental and produce long lasting effects to women’s physical and psychological well- being. A number of variables that affect women’s well-being have been identified in the literature. (Aim) The purpose of this research is to conduct a systematic review regarding the variables that contribute to the psychological well-being of breast cancer survivors. (Methodology) Khan, Kunz, Kleijnen, and Antes’ (2003) framework was used to conduct the systematic review. A total of 254 articles from PubMed and PsycINFO databases were extracted for review, and 29 of those articles qualified for the study based on the inclusion criteria. (Results) The results indicated ten variables that are associated with the psychological well- being of breast cancer survivors: symptoms burden, social support, history of psychiatric disorder(s), exposure to stress prior to diagnosis, fear of recurrence, demographic characteristics, level of physical activity, spirituality, information received from clinicians, and problems encountered by minority groups. (Discussion) Healthcare professionals need to consider the role of these variables related to the psychological well-being of breast cancer survivors. Further research needs to be conducted regarding the development and use of evidence-based interventions aimed at improving the psychological well-being of breast cancer survivors. This systematic review provides information on variables that may be investigated in future research.
Academic Major: Nursing