Measuring Soil Moisture with Radio-waves
Radio Frequency Identification
Received Signal Strength Indicator
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering Honors Theses; 2016
Soil moisture has been linked to many pressing enviromental issues, but due to the large natural variability in soil texture, there is no efficient way to observe the spatial (hortizontal and vertical) and temporal dynamics on a large scale. This study will focus on using radio-frequency identification (RFID), technology in an effort to expand the scale on which soil moisture can be measured. Application of RFID sensors allows for a cheap, wireless, powerless system that could be deployed across large area. Current progress in this study has demonstrated a noticeable correlation between the received signal strength and the moisture content of the soil using radio frequencies of 902-928 MHz. It is anticipated that through further research, using RFID readers that have a received signal strength indicator (RSSI), soil moisture can be measured accurately and efficiently. This paper will discuss results from experiments that observe the effects that confounding variables such as separation distance between the reader and sensors, soil moisture, and depth of the soil have on radio waves.
Lumley Engineering Fund
Academic Major: Civil Engineering
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