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dc.creatorEberle, Donald
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies v. 3, no. 2 (2015), p. 175-201.en_US
dc.description.abstractWorld War One was a difficult time for American Mennonites. conscription revealed profound differences between progressive Mennonites such as those from the General Conference and plain Mennonites such as those from the Mennonite Church. The General Conference endorsed non-combatant service and advised its draftees to "accept only service designed to support and to save life." The Mennonite Church, however, categorically rejected non-combatant service and declared that "under no circumstances can they consent to service, either combatant or noncombatant, under the military arm of the government." Military officers and government officials tended to view all Mennonites in a strictly adversarial fashion and usually failed to recognize or appreciate their differences or the sincerity of their efforts to reach some sort of mutually satisfactory compromise. Conscription defined a generation of young men and produced its fair share of martyrs. One hundred and thirty-eight Mennonites, most of them plain, were court-martialed for refusing to accept noncombatant service. But in a counterintuitive way, conscription also strengthened the Mennonite Church. The young Mennonite men realized the tension between their religious beliefs and the expectations of them as citizens of the United States. They almost invariably reported that whatever suffering they endured because of their nonresistant stand ultimately strengthened their faith.en_US
dc.publisherOhio State University. Librariesen_US
dc.rightsThe author retains copyright ownership of this article. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the author.en_US
dc.subjectConscientious objectorsen_US
dc.subjectFirst World Waren_US
dc.subjectFurlough Acten_US
dc.subjectGeneral Conferenceen_US
dc.subjectLoucks, Aaronen_US
dc.subjectMennonites on Military Serviceen_US
dc.subjectNoncombatant serviceen_US
dc.subject(Old) Mennonite Churchen_US
dc.subjectSelective Service Act, 1917en_US
dc.subjectYellow Creek conferenceen_US
dc.titleThe Plain Mennonite Face of the World War One Conscientious Objectoren_US

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