dc.creator Tsuboi, Masamichi en_US dc.date.accessioned 2006-06-15T12:47:35Z dc.date.available 2006-06-15T12:47:35Z dc.date.issued 1956 en_US dc.identifier 1956-H-8 en_US dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1811/7502 dc.description $^{\#}$ Supported by the U. S. Public Health Service. $^{\#\#}$ Fulbright Fellow $^{1}$ K. H. Meyer and L. Misch, Helv., 20, 232 (1937; E.T. Peirce, Trans. Faraday Soc., 42, 545(1946); C. H. Legrand, Acta. Cryst., 5, 800 (1953)."" en_US dc.description Author Institution: Harrison M. Randall Laboratory of Physics, University of Michigan en_US dc.description.abstract Infrared absorption spectra of oriented cellulose fibers have been observed using polarized radiation. Natural fibers are in general too thick but swelling them in NaOH solution followed by pressing and drying is an effective way of obtaining a suitable thickness in the $900 - 1100 cm^{-1}$ and $3100 - 3600 cm^{-1}$ regions. The dichroism observed for the bands which can be assigned agrees well with tha: predicted from the crystal structure1, e. g. the CH stretching bands are polarized perpendicular to the fiber axis. In the region of CH and OH deformation frequencies ($1200 - 1500 cm^{-1}$) nine bands are observed, of which four are polarized parallel and five, perpendicular to the fiber axis. Probable assignments will be given for these bands. In the region of CO and CC stretching frequencies ($800 - 1200 cm^{-1}$) all the bands are polarized parallel to the fiber axis. Observations were also made on deuterated cellulose i.e. cellulose which had been swelled in NaOD. Of the six OD stretching bands observed, five show parallel dichroism, indicating that the OH bands in cellulose are arranged predominantly parallel to the fiber axis. The deuteration of amorphous cellulose will also be discussed. en_US dc.format.extent 123924 bytes dc.format.mimetype image/jpeg dc.language.iso English en_US dc.publisher Ohio State University en_US dc.title INFRARED SPECTRUM AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF $CELLULOSE^{\#}$ en_US dc.type article en_US
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