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Other Titles:Some problems of using indicators in sociological research
Citation:Ask: Research and Methods. Volume 10, Issue 1 (2001), pp. 7-24
This is an overview of some problems of using indicators in sociological research. I discuss (i) assumptions behind theoretical approach in dealing with indicators, (ii) questions of measurement, (iii) choice of indicators, (iv) “validity” and “reliability”, and, finally, (v) tendencies in development of methodology concerning indicators. This presentation is based on classical premises of neo-positivistic paradigm in two basic points. First is that only in terms of empirical indicators one can define meaning of social phenomena under investigation; second--sociological research should be seen as process simultaneously going on the levels of theory and analysis of data. In other words, it resides in construction of theoretical concepts followed by finding out empirical indicators of them.
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