Konstruktywizm jako orientacja metodologiczna w badaniach społecznych
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Other Titles:Constructivism as a methodological orientation in social research
Citation:Ask: Research and Methods. Volume 8, Issue 1 (1999), pp. 7-28
One can define concept of constructivism as reflecting such kind of research as those referred to Social Studies of Science, Social Studies of Knowledge, Studies of Scientific Knowledge, Science and Technology Studies. As such it refers to conceptions which are near post-empirical, post-positivist philosophy of science, and post-modernist conceptions of knowledge. This is some important methodological orientation because it identifies in empirical way mechanisms which provide individual success in science. Process of cognition under this approach does not refer to game with reality but is-- first of all-- social game itself. played within framework of institutional constraints. This article aims to show that construction takes place on all levels, those: (i) "organizational" which legitimizes research strategies. (ii) in creation of research communities, (iii) construction of audiences, (iv) creation of aura of science and professional underpinnings of research projects, and (v) on the level of forging basic concepts, approval of given information (of informers) and in labeling methods of verification as credible. My analysis follows conception by Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz who was probably the first who formulated sociological theory of fact.
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