INTERLEUKIN 1 TYPE 1 RECEPTOR RESTORE: A GENETIC MOUSE MODEL FOR STUDYING INTERLEUKIN 1 RECEPTOR MEDIATED EFFECTS IN SPECIFIC CELL TYPES
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Citation:Liu, Xiaoyu, et al. "Interleukin 1 Type 1 Receptor Restore: A Genetic Mouse Model for Studying Interleukin 1 Receptor-Mediated Effects in Specific Cell Types." The Journal of Neuroscience 35.7 (2015): 2860-2870.
Series/Report no.:2015 Edward F. Hayes Graduate Research Forum. 29th
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) mediates diverse neurophysiological and neuropathological effects in the central nervous system (CNS) through type I IL-1 receptor (IL-1R1). However, identification of IL-1R1 expressing cell types and cell type specific functions of IL-1R1 remains challenging. In this study, we created a novel genetic mouse model in which IL-1R1 gene expression is disrupted by an intronic insertion of a loxP flanked disruptive sequence that can be deleted by Cre recombinase, resulting in restored IL-1R1 gene expression under its endogenous promoters. A second mutation was introduced at stop codon of the IL-1R1 gene to allow tracking of the restored IL-1R1 protein by a 3HA tag and IL-1R1 mRNA by tdTomato fluorescence. These animals were designated as IL-1R1r/r and exhibited an IL-1R1 knockout phenotype. We used IL-1R1 globally restored mice (IL-1R1GR/GR) as an IL-1R1 reporter and observed concordant labeling of IL-1R1 mRNA and protein in brain endothelial cells. Two cell type specific IL-1R1 restore lines were generated: Tie2Cre-IL-1R1r/r and LysMCre-IL-1R1r/r. Brain endothelial COX-2 expression, CNS leukocyte infiltration and global microglia activation induced by intracerebroventricular injection of IL-1β, were not observed in IL-1R1r/r or LysMCre-IL-1R1r/r mice but were restored in Tie2Cre-IL-1R1r/r mice. These results reveal IL-1R1 expression in endothelial cells alone is sufficient to mediate these central IL-1 induced responses. In addition, ex vivo IL-1β stimulation increased IL-1β expression in bone marrow cells in wild type, Tie2Cre-IL-1R1r/r, and LysMCre-IL-1R1r/r, but not IL-1R1r/r mice. These results demonstrate this IL-1R1 restore model is a valuable tool for studying cell type specific functions of IL-1R1.
Biological Sciences: 1st Place (The Ohio State University Edward F. Hayes Graduate Research Forum)