Evaluation of the Permaculture Movement and its Limitations For Transition to a Sustainable Culture
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. School of Environment and Natural Resources Honors Theses; 2014
In light of the ecological and social consequences of industrial agriculture, several social movements have emerged to demand the transition towards a more sustainable food system. This thesis focuses on permaculture as one such social movement and serves to explore movement dynamics and evaluate its viability as a sustainable alternative to the current industrial mode of production in a United States context. Specifically, the exclusion of contemporary science and political activism in the permaculture movement is analyzed for its hindrance on movement expansion, participation, and application. Content was informed by multiple site visitations and interviews with active permaculturalists in the New England region and the 2014 North American Permaculture Convergence hosted in Clarks Grove Minnesota, as well as a thorough review of related literature in social movement theory, transnational agroecological movements, and permaculture. I conclude that the permaculture movement should engage with scientific institutions and address barriers created by existing political structures in order to be a relevant and viable model for sustainable transition.
Academic Major: Environment, Economy, Development, and Sustainability