Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorSnow, Allison
dc.contributor.advisorMercer, Kristin
dc.creatorVerhoff, Stephanie
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-23T20:47:47Z
dc.date.available2014-04-23T20:47:47Z
dc.date.issued2014-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1811/59923
dc.descriptionFirst place in Environmental and Plant Sciences Category in CFAES Undergraduate Research Forumen_US
dc.description.abstractMiscanthus sinensis (Chinese silvergrass) is a tall, perennial, C4 grass native to Eastern Asia. Ornamental cultivars of M. sinensis are popular in Ohio and elsewhere, and may give rise to invasive populations. Naturalized (feral) populations already appear to be invasive in some areas of the southeastern US, with the potential to spread further, yet few studies have focused on the reproductive ecology of this non-clonal, self-incompatible species. In other self-incompatible species, Allee effects may have the potential to reduce fecundity due to a scarcity of pollen donors. The goal of the study was to determine whether seed production of feral Miscanthus populations is limited by available pollen from nearby individuals. In late October 2013, flowering shoots from nine populations of varying size and population density in Ohio and West Virginia were sampled. Population size ranged from 5 to >200 and 20 individuals were sampled per population whenever possible. Population density was quantified as the number of plants per square meter in smaller populations, and as the average distance to the nearest three conspecific plants for each sampled individual in larger populations. Flowering shoots were x-rayed at the OSU Ornamental Germplasm Center to determine percent seed set for 300 florets per plant. Results show an increase in percent seed set as population size increases. Intriguingly, a small feral population in Columbus may have received pollen from a large, adjacent stand of ornamental plants, based on its relatively high seed set. In four large populations, individuals were divided into “center” and “edge” plants based on their locations in the population. Percent seed set was greater in “center” plants versus “edge” plants, which were farther apart on average. Overall, the results suggest that pollen-limited seed set was common. This finding supports the hypothesis that rates of invasion of M. sinensis may go through an initial “lag phase” until sufficient pollen is available to allow substantial seed production in newly established populations.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOARDC SEEDS Programen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWill C. Hauk Endowment Funden_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUSDAen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Ohio State Universityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesThe Ohio State University. Department of Horticulture and Crop Science Honors Theses; 2014en_US
dc.subjectMiscanthus sinensisen_US
dc.subjectAllee effectsen_US
dc.subjectInvasiveen_US
dc.subjectPollen limitationen_US
dc.subjectLag timeen_US
dc.titlePollen Limits Seed Set in Small Populations of Feral Miscanthus sinensis, an Ornamental Grass with Invasive Potentialen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.embargoNo embargoen_US
dc.rights.ccAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United Statesen_US
dc.rights.ccurihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/en_US
dc.description.academicmajorAcademic Major: Sustainable Plant Systemsen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

Items in Knowledge Bank are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States