Sensory Perceptions of Nicotine Replacement Therapy Between Menthol and Nonmenthol Cigarette Smokers
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Series/Report no.:2014 Richard J. and Martha D. Denman Undergraduate Research Forum. 19th
Although recent research has shown that smoking menthol cigarettes negatively impacts smoking cessation among adults, there are still over 10 million menthol smokers in the U.S., the highest populations being represented by Non-Hispanic Black smokers and young adult smokers. The research questions were: 1) Were menthol cigarette users more likely to quit than nonmenthol cigarette users during nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in a two week study? 2) What is the relationship between cigarette smoking and NRT usage regarding sensory perceptions of liking, satisfaction and sensation strength? and 3) Is there a difference in sensory perceptions of liking, satisfaction and sensation strength between menthol and nonmenthol cigarette smokers? This was a secondary data analysis of a cross over design with randomized order of NRT treatment type, nicotine lozenge or nicotine inhaler, for 1 week each. Data were collected from 120 cigarette users who had been smoking > one year, and at least ten cigarettes/day. 1) Among those who quit smoking after week 1, there were more nonmenthol smokers (61%) compared to menthol smokers (39%). After week 2, there were similar results. 2) With an increased liking of lozenges there was a decrease in cigarettes per day and an increase in the amount of lozenges used per day. 3) Menthol smokers had a significant increased sensory response to the NRT lozenge compared to nonmenthol smokers. Use of NRT lozenge and inhaler is a useful method to promote smoking cessation in menthol smokers, but usage should approach recommended 9 nicotine lozenges or inhalers per day to influence cessation long term, while the average NRT usage in this study was 4/day. Trial and error use of NRT can be discouraging and lead to rejection, yet menthol smoker’s greater sensory response may suggest potential for success if appropriate levels of NRT usage are utilized.
Health Professions - Clinical: 2nd Place (The Ohio State University Denman Undergraduate Research Forum)
Academic Major: Nursing
R21 DA024765, UL1RR025755 from the National Center for Research Resources, OSU Cancer Control Program