C-C BOND ACTIVATION AND COUPLING OF PROPENE INDUCED BY LA ATOM
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Publisher:Ohio State University
A series of La(C$_n$H$_m$) complexes with n $\leq$ 6 and m $\leq$ 12 were produced by the reactions between propene and La in a supersonic molecular beam source. Their formation and structures were investigated using mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy in combination with theoretical calculations. Previously, we identified the formation of La(C$_3$H$_4$) and H-La(C$_3$H$_5$) through dehydrogenation and metal insertion mechanisms. In this work, we will discuss the formation of La(CH$_2$) and La(C$_4$H$_6$) by La induced C-C bond activation and coupling. La(CH$_2$) is formed by the C-C bond breakage and 1,2-hydride shift of propene and is a Schrock-type carbene complex. This complex is then coupled with the C=C bond of a second propene molecule to form La(C$_4$H$_6$) by removing two hydrogen atoms. The resultant La(C$_4$H$_6$) complex was idetified in two low-energy isomeric forms: one was a metallacycle (isomer A) and the other was lanthanum trimethylenemethane (isomer B). Both La(C$_4$H$_6$) isomers are in a doublet ground state, with isomer A in C$_s$ point group and isomer B in C$_3$$_v$. Adiabatic ionization energies and several vibrational frequencies of the two complexes were obtained from the sharp MATI spectra.
Author Institution: Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0055; Department of Chemistry, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, PR China; Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0055