Intentions and Actual Condom Use for Vaginal, Oral, and Anal Intercourse
Advisor:Sadovszky, Victoria von
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. College of Nursing Honors Theses; 2005
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at pandemic proportions in young adults (Centers for Disease Control, 2001). Viral STIs are incurable and consequently lifelong infections, and the bacterial STIs are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Since a “cure” is not an option for many of these infections, the best way to induce change is through prevention. Important components of prevention include the use of condoms and education by practitioners concerning their use. When used properly, condoms are known to be highly effective in the prevention of HIV and other STIs (CDC, 2001). Due to the inherent value nurses place on education and prevention, they are a vital link in promoting the use of condoms and consequently helping to prevent the spread of infection. Understanding condom use and intentions to use them is important to nurses so that they can provide effective interventions of health promotion and STI prevention. Studies have investigated intentions to use condoms and actual use but most focused on vaginal intercourse (Agnew et al., 1998; Coleman, 2001; Jemmott & Jemmott, 1992; Kegeles et al., 1989; Rosengard et al.). Oral and anal intercourse also present the risk of transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), however the intentions and actual use of condoms with these types of intercourse have not been studied except the inclusion of anal intercourse in a study of Latino college students by Jemmott et al. (2002). Although reasons for not intending to use condoms have been investigated, specific factors that interfere with intentions have not been solicited. The purpose of this study is to better understand the relationship between intentions and condom use for vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse and to explore the reasons for not using condoms with different types of sexual intercourse. Research Questions Among college students: 1. How often do they intend to use condoms or barriers when engaging in different types of sexual intercourse? 2. How often do they actually use condoms or barriers when engaging in different types of sexual intercourse? 3. What is the relationship between intention and actual use? 4. What are the reasons for not using condoms or barriers with different types of sexual intercourse?
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