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dc.contributor.advisorCook, Robert A.
dc.creatorDeppen, Jacob
dc.descriptionBusiness/Social and Behavioral Sciences: 3rd Place (The Ohio State University Denman Undergraduate Research Forum)en_US
dc.description.abstractThe SunWatch site was a large Fort Ancient village located in present-day Dayton, Ohio. Much is known about the SunWatch site, but its relationship with smaller Fort Ancient sites in the area remains unclear. This project looks at two smaller sites (Wegerzyn Gardens and Wildcat) to explore that relationship with SunWatch, specifically in terms of seasonal mobility, and to examine the effects of environmental change on deer utilization strategies. SunWatch was occupied seasonally during its early period (A.D. 1150-1300) and year-round in its later period (A.D. 1300-1450). I examined the Wegerzyn and Wildcat assemblages to see if those sites might be hunting camps from the seasonal period at SunWatch. A prolonged period of drought in the A.D. 1300s may have had significant consequences for Fort Ancient villages. This study examines deer utilization strategies at these sites through time to see what changes, if any, might be the result of environmental stress. Seasonality and utilization differences were tested by analyzing all deer bones from radiocarbon-dated contexts at the three sites. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) was chosen over other species because it is a good proxy for both seasonality and utility and because of its abundance in the sample. The deer remains were aged using epiphyseal closure and tooth eruption sequences. I used meat- and marrow-utility indices to look for differences through time and between small and large sites. This study was inconclusive with regard to seasonality at the small sites. The results do imply that deer utilization strategies changed through time, possibly related to environmental stress. Deer age and utility selection practices that are evident in the early period (when environmental conditions were more favorable) are not present in the later period (during a period of increased drought).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipArts and Sciences Undergraduate Research Scholarshipen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSBS Undergraduate Research Awarden_US
dc.description.sponsorshipHonors & Scholars Summer Research Internshipen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries2008 Richard J. and Martha D. Denman Undergraduate Research Forum. 13then_US
dc.subjectFort Ancienten_US
dc.subjectwhite-tailed deeren_US
dc.subjectclimate changeen_US
dc.titleOh Deer! Seasonality and Utilization at Three Fort Ancient Sitesen_US
dc.description.academicmajorAcademic Major: Anthropologyen_US

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