Antarctica: Barometer of Climate Change
Contributors:Bromwich, David H
Parish, Thomas R.
Antarctic meteorological processes
South Pacific-Antarctic Meteorology Study (SPAN)
Ross Island Meteorology Experiment (RIME)
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Other Titles:Report to the National Science Foundation from the Antarctic Meteorology Workshop, Madison, Wisconsin, June 1998
Publisher:Byrd Polar Research Center, The Ohio State University
Citation:Bromwich, David H. and Thomas R. Parish, editors. 1998. Antarctica: Barometer of Climate Change. Byrd Polar Research Center Miscellaneous Series M-416. Byrd Polar Research Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, 12 pages.
Series/Report no.:Byrd Polar Research Center Miscellaneous Series M-416
Antarctica plays a central role in global climate variability and change, but sustained efforts to illuminate its critical linkages to lower latitudes are lacking. A conjunction of new observational capabilities, advances in scientific understanding, and improving numerical models allow the question of the global relevance of Antarctica to be explored in detail for the first time. The first step is a comprehensive atmospheric study of the South Pacific sector of Antarctica (the SPAN project). This sector includes the Ross Sea region, an area that is closely coupled to the global atmosphere on a variety of time scales. Three aspects will be addressed: the forcing of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon in Antarctica; the impacts of Antarctica on lower latitudes which are most pronounced over and adjacent to the western Pacific Ocean; and the testing and refinement near Ross Island (the RIME project) of coupled atmosphere-ice-ocean numerical models that are required for global simulations that realistically incorporate Antarctica.
National Science Foundation
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