Heart-Healthy Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Young Adults in Ohio
MetadataShow full item record
Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. College of Nursing Honors Theses; 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death across the United States. A single dietary change of increasing antioxidant-rich fruit and vegetable consumption can significantly decrease CVD risk. Thus in 2006, the American Heart Association (AHA) began promoting 8-10 daily servings of fruits and vegetables. The purpose of this secondary analysis of data from two parent studies was to determine if young adults in Central Ohio are meeting AHA fruit and vegetable recommendations and to describe associations between fruit and vegetable consumption, anthropometric measurements, education, and income. A socioeconomic model of health and its inequalities (Dahlgren & Whitehead) guided variable choices. Sample: Sixty healthy young adults from Central Ohio, ages 18-45 years. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to determine daily fruit and vegetable intake and evaluate relationships between variables. Lifestyle and food frequency questionnaires were completed by participants at The Ohio State University (OSU) Clinical Research Center (CRC). Anthropometric data were collected by CRC nurses. Results: The sample majority (87%) did not meet AHA fruit and vegetable recommendations. On average, participants consumed 2 servings (SD = 1.69) of fruit and 2 servings (SD = 2.45) of vegetables per day, which fall well below the minimum 8 daily servings advisement. A strong positive correlation emerged between vegetable consumption and income (p = 0.05). Furthermore, an average body mass index of 25.78 (SD = 5.89) classified the group as overweight, placing it at increased risk for several chronic diseases including CVD. Conclusions: Young adults in Central Ohio may not be consuming enough heart-healthy fruits and vegetables to lower their CVD risk. Developing strategies to promote AHA guidelines and identifying barriers to meeting the guidelines may improve long-term health in this population.
Items in Knowledge Bank are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.