Vestibular Stimulation for ADHD: Randomized Controlled Trial of Comprehensive Motion Apparatus
Creators:Arnold, L. Eugene
Hollway, Jill A.
Hall, Kristy L.
Shelton, Sara B.
Bozzolo, Dawn R.
Clark, David L.
MetadataShow full item record
Publisher:Sage Publications Ltd.
Citation:L. Eugene Arnold et al, "Vestibular Stimulation for ADHD: Randomized Controlled Trial of Comprehensive Motion Apparatus," Journal of Attention Disorders 11, no. 5 (2008), doi:10.1177/1087054707311042
Objective: This research evaluates effects of vestibular stimulation by Comprehensive Motion Apparatus (CMA) in ADHD. Method: Children ages 6 to 12 (48 boys, 5 girls) with ADHD were randomized to thrice-weekly 30-min treatments for 12 weeks with CMA, stimulating otoliths and semicircular canals, or a single-blind control of equal duration and intensity, each treatment followed by a 20-min typing tutorial. Results: In intent-to-treat analysis (n = 50), primary outcome improved significantly in both groups (p = .0001, d = 1.09 to 1.30), but treatment difference not significant (p = .7). Control children regressed by follow-up (difference p = .034, d = 0.65), but overall difference was not significant (p = .13, d = .47). No measure showed significant treatment differences at treatment end, but one did at follow-up. Children with IQ-achievement discrepancy ≥ 1 SD showed significantly more CMA advantage on three measures. Conclusion: This study illustrates the importance of a credible control condition of equal duration and intensity in trials of novel treatments. CMA treatment cannot be recommended for combined-type ADHD without learning disorder.