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dc.creatorXu, Luen_US
dc.creatorWoon, D. E.en_US
dc.creatorDunning, Thom H., Jr.en_US
dc.descriptionAuthor Institution: Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801en_US
dc.description.abstractHigh level MRCI and RCCSD(T) calculations using large correlation consistent basis sets were used to study the low-lying states of the XH and XH$_{2}$ hydrides of the first row p block elements. Recoupled pair bonding is found in states such as the BeH X$^{2}\Sigma^{+}$ ground state, the BH a$^{3}\Pi$ excited state, the CH a$^{4}\Sigma^{-}$ excited state, the NH A$^{3}\Pi$ excited state, and OH $^2\Delta$ and $^{2}\Sigma^{+}$ excited states. The 2s$^{2}$ recoupled bonding exhibited by these elements is similar to, but quantitatively different from, the 3p$^{2}$/3s$^{2}$ recoupled pair bonding of the second row late p block elements (P, S, Cl). The differences arise from the well-understood distinction between the orbitals involved in recoupling. One of the dissimilarities between the two groups of elements is how favorable it is to form the second bond via covalent or recoupled pair bonding. In SF$_{2}$ and ClF$_{2}$, forming two recoupled pair bonds from the 3p$^{2}$ pair is more stable than forming one recoupled bond and one covalent bond due to the antibonding character of the singly occupied orbital containing the electron left over from recoupling; using this orbital to form a second bond reduces the antibonding character and stabilizes the molecule. In B and C, the recoupled 2s$^{2}$ pair is a set of lobe orbitals, and there is less driving force to bond to the second lobe than to the singly occupied 2p orbital that is also present. The X$^{2}A_{1}$ ground state of BH$_{2}$ and the X$^{3}B_{1}$ ground state of CH$_{2}$ are both therefore bent at about 130$^irc}$ with bonding that represents a linear combination of one recoupled bond and one covalent bond (the X$^{1}\Sigma_{g}^{+}$ ground state of BeH$_{2}$ is linear with two recoupled bonds because there is only one electron available in BeH(X$^{2}\Sigma^{+}$)).en_US
dc.publisherOhio State Universityen_US

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