Raman Spectroscopy Characterization of Aqueous Vanadate Species Interaction with Aluminum Alloy 2024-T3 Surfaces
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Publisher:The Electrochemical Society
Citation:B. L. Hurley, S. Qiu and R. G. Buchheit, "Raman Spectroscopy Characterization of Aqueous Vanadate Species Interaction with Aluminum Alloy 2024-T3 Surfaces," Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158, no. 5 (2011), doi:10.1149/1.3562557
Raman spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques were used to characterize the interactions of aqueous NaVO_3/NaCl and NH_4VO_3/oxalic acid with AA 2024-T3. The interaction of aqueous NaVO_3 with Cu^0 and Cu_2O was characterized. At potential values similar to the OCP of AA 2024-T3 in dilute NaCl, aqueous NaVO_3 formed a polyvanadate film on Cu_2O and formed little or no vanadate film on Cu^0. Treatment of AA 2024-T3 with basic, aqueous NaVO_3/NaCl resulted in a polyvanadate film on copper-rich intermetallic particles and the formation of monovanadates on the matrix. Treatment of AA 2024-T3 with acidic, aqueous NH_4VO_3/oxalic resulted in the formation of monovanadates on the matrix and provided no evidence of vanadate species on copper-rich particles. AA 2024-T3 samples pretreated with either aqueous vanadate salt solution displayed modest cathodic inhibition soon after treatment but inhibition degraded with aging. The formation of polymerized vanadates species on copper-rich particles supports the cathodic inhibition mechanism. The presence of vanadate species on copper-rich particles pretreated with aqueous NaVO_3/NaCl containing predominantly tetrahedral vanadates versus the lack of evidence for similar species on particles treated with aqueous NH_4VO_3/oxalic acid containing predominantly octahedral vanadates supports the importance of tetrahedrally coordinated vanadate species for corrosion inhibition.
Rights:© The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 2011. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS). The archival version of this work was published in Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 158 (5) C125-C131.
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