The Distances to Open Clusters from Main-Sequence Fitting. I. New Models and a Comparison with the Properties of the Hyades Eclipsing Binary VB 22
open clusters and associations: individual (Hyades)
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Publisher:American Astronomical Society
Citation:Marc H. Pinsonneault et al, "The Distances to Open Clusters from Main-Sequence Fitting. I. New Models and a Comparison with the Properties of the Hyades Eclipsing Binary VB 22," The Astrophysical Journal 598, no. 1 (2003), doi:10.1086/378854
In the first of a new series of papers on open cluster distances, we use updated stellar evolution models to construct an isochrone appropriate for the Hyades and compare it with the Hyades eclipsing binary system VB 22. We find that the absolute and relative luminosities of the two stars are in good agreement with the model but that the radii do not match the values inferred from eclipse data. We present evidence that there is a consistency problem with the flux ratios and the inferred radii and discuss possible theoretical effects that could be responsible for the mismatch in the radii. We derive a helium abundance for the Hyades of Y = 0.271 ± 0.006, which is equal within the errors to the Sun's initial helium abundance, even though the Hyades is considerably more metal-rich.
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