Neutrino background flux from sources of ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray nuclei
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Publisher:American Physical Society
Citation:Kohta Murase, John F. Beacom, "Neutrino background flux from sources of ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray nuclei," Physical Review D 81, no. 12 (2010), doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.81.123001
Motivated by Pierre Auger Observatory results favoring a heavy nuclear composition for ultrahigh-energy (UHE) cosmic rays, we investigate implications for the cumulative neutrino background. The requirement that nuclei not be photodisintegrated constrains their interactions in sources, therefore limiting neutrino production via photomeson interactions. Assuming a dN_CR/dE_CR∝E_CR^-2 injection spectrum and photodisintegration via the giant dipole resonance, the background flux of neutrinos is lower than E_ν^2Φ_ν∼10^-9 GeV cm^-2 s^-1 sr^-1 if UHE nuclei ubiquitously survive in their sources. This is smaller than the analogous Waxman-Bahcall flux for UHE protons by about 1 order of magnitude and is below the projected IceCube sensitivity. If IceCube detects a neutrino background, it could be due to other sources, e.g., hadronuclear interactions of lower-energy cosmic rays; if it does not, this supports our strong restrictions on the properties of sources of UHE nuclei.
Rights:©2010 The American Physical Society
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