Systematic parameter study of hadron spectra and elliptic flow from viscous hydrodynamic simulations of Au+Au collisions at √s_NN=200 GeV
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Publisher:American Physical Society
Citation:Chun Shen et al, "Systematic parameter study of hadron spectra and elliptic flow from viscous hydrodynamic simulations of Au+Au collisions at √s_NN=200 GeV," Physical Review C 82, no. 5 (2010), doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.82.054904
Using the (2+1)-dimensional viscous hydrodynamic code vish2+1 [H. Song and U. Heinz, Phys. Lett. B 658, 279 (2008); H. Song and U. Heinz, Phys. Rev. C 77, 064901 (2008); H. Song, Ph. D. thesis, The Ohio State University, 2009], we present systematic studies of the dependence of pion and proton transverse-momentum spectra and their elliptic flow in 200A GeV Au+Au collisions on the parameters of the hydrodynamic model (thermalization time, initial entropy density distribution, decoupling temperature, equation of state, and specific shear viscosity η/s). We identify a tension between the slope of the proton spectra, which (within hydrodynamic simulations that assume a constant shear viscosity to entropy density ratio) prefer larger η/s values, and the slope of the p_T dependence of charged hadron elliptic flow, which prefers smaller values of η/s. Changing other model parameters does not appear to permit dissolution of this tension.