Calculations on the Formation Rates and Mechanisms for C_n H Anions in Interstellar and Circumstellar Media
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Publisher:American Astronomical Society
Citation:Eric Herbst and Yoshihiro Osamura, "Calculations on the Formation Rates and Mechanisms for C_n H Anions in Interstellar and Circumstellar Media," The Astrophysical Journal 679, no. 2 (2008), doi:10.1086/587803
The rate coefficients for the radiative attachment reactions between the radicals C_n H (n = 2-8) and electrons have been calculated with the aid of quantum chemistry using a phase-space theory in which strong coupling exists among the ground and any excited anion electronic states with the same spin. The results confirm that the process increases in efficiency with the size of the radical. For n = 6, the rate coefficients lie at the collisional limit, in agreement with earlier estimates. For n = 4,5, the new results are larger than the old estimates. The calculated rate coefficient for C_4 H+ e- is now much too large to explain the current observed abundance ratio of C_4 H-/C_4 H in IRC +10216 and L1527 and its upper limit in TMC-1. It is quite possible that electronic coupling is weak, and that so-called "dipole-bound" and other states must act as doorways to radiative attachment. We have also calculated potential surfaces for dissociative attachment starting with the "carbenes" H_2 C_2m (m = 2-4) and leading to the syntheses of the anions C_2m H-.