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dc.creatorCulicover, Peter W.
dc.descriptionPresentation requires Flash Player, RealPlayer, or Windows Media Player to view.en_US
dc.descriptionThe University Archives has determined that this item is of continuing value to OSU's history.en_US
dc.description.abstractHuman languages show very robust and regular patterns, which typically are described in terms of very general grammatical rules. Some grammatical patterns are found in language after language, and it is widely believed that they reflect the universal human cognitive capacity for language. At the same time, there is considerable variability across languages, and considerable idiosyncrasy, consisting of sub-regularities, exceptions and specialized constructions within any individual language. This talk focuses on two questions: How is it that languages show such regular patterns, given that there is so much idiosyncrasy? How is it that languages show so much idiosyncrasy and variability, given that there is such regularity? The beginnings of answers to these questions can be found if we go beyond the conventional idealization of grammar, which abstracts away from the fact that language is acquired by learners in the course of time, that it occurs within the social context in which people interact and communicate, and that it is processed in real time by people in the course of speaking and understanding. I suggest that there are many natural language phenomena whose properties can be understood best in terms of two domains of complexity: (i) linguistic competence, in which the regularity and the idiosyncrasy are part of the basic architecture, and (ii) constraints on linguistic processing, which yield patterns that appear to have to do with the grammar, but, I argue, do not. To illustrate, I discuss the idiosyncrasies of an English focus construction, the complexity of competence as a factor in grammatical change, and the complexity of processing certain well-studied grammatical dependencies involving interrogative expressions.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsVideo: Introduction by Joseph A. Alutto, Executive Vice President and Provost at The Ohio State University (00:00:00-00:02:26) -- Presentation (00:02:34-00:34:05) -- Questions facilitated by Brian Joseph, Distinguished University Professor, Department of Linguistics (00:34:15-00:58:07)en_US
dc.format.extentVideo duration: 00:58:07
dc.publisherOhio State Universityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesThe Ohio State University Distinguished Lectureen_US
dc.titleGrammar and Complexity: Language at the Intersection of Competence and Performanceen_US
dc.rights.ccAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unporteden_US

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