Corrosion Study of AA2024-T3 by Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy and In Situ Atomic Force Microscopy Scratching
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Citation:Schmutz, P.; Frankel, G. S. "Corrosion Study of AA2024-T3 by Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy and In Situ Atomic Force Microscopy Scratching," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, v. 145, no. 7, 1998, pp. 2295-2306.
The localized corrosion of AA2024-T3, and the behavior of intermetallic particles in particular, were studied using different capabilities of the atomic force microscope (AFM). The role of intermetallic particles in determining the locations and rates of localized corrosion was determined using scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy in air after exposure to chloride solutions. Al-Cu-Mg particles, which have a noble Volta potential in air because of an altered surface film, are actively dissolved in chloride solution after a certain induction time. Al-Cu-(Fe, Mn) particles are heterogeneous in nature and exhibit nonuniform dissolution in chloride solution as well as trenching of the matrix around the particles. Light scratching of the surface by rastering with the AFM tip in contact mode in chloride solution results in accelerated dissolution of both pure Al and alloy 2024-T3. The abrasion associated with contact AFM in situ resulted in the immediate dissolution of the Al-Cu-Mg particles because of a destabilization of the surface film.
This work was supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under contact no. F49620-96-1-0479, Major H. De Long, Administrator. P. S. was partially supported by the Swiss National Foundation of Research.