TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY AND GLOBAL ANALYSIS OF H$_3$O$^+$
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Publisher:Ohio State University
Eight ground state inversion transitions of H$_3$O$^+$ in the 0.9-1.6 THz region have been measured using the frequency multiplier submillimeter spectrometer (FMSS) at JPL. The accuracy of these measurements is estimated to be 300 kHz. The ions were generated in a DC discharge through a gas mixture of a few mTorr of H$_2$ and 30 mTorr of H$_2$O. A multistate analysis was carried out for H$_3$O$^+$, which includes the lines observed in this work, previous submillimeter and terahertz inversion transitions in the ground state, and previous infrared data on all the four vibrational fundamental bands. Accurate molecular parameters were obtained with taking into account the strong Coriolis interaction between the symmetric OH stretching mode $\nu_1$ and the doubly degenerate asymmetric OH stretching mode $\nu_3$. Frequency predictions, particularly for high-$J$ transitions in the ground state and in the $\nu_1$ and $\nu_3$ fundamental bands, have been greatly improved by including in our analysis ~200 more high-$J$ transitions, which were excluded in previous analyses. The more precise measurements and new predictions reported here will support the analysis of astronomical observations by the future high resolution spectroscopy telescopes such as Herschel, SOFIA, and ALMA.
Author Institution: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109
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