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dc.creatorBaba, Masaakien_US
dc.descriptionH. Kato and M. Baba, {\em Chem. Rev.M. El-Sayed, {\em J. Chem. Phys.S. H. Lin, {\em J. Chem. Phys.en_US
dc.descriptionAuthor Institution: Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto; 606-8502, Japan}\\; ategory {Plenaryen_US
dc.description.abstractPolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are fascinating objects of basic studies on molecular structure and excited-state dynamics. We have observed and analyzed rotationally resolved ultrahigh-resolution spectra of the $S_1 \leftarrow S_0$ transition of naphthalene, anthracene, pyrene and perylene (all $D_{2h}$ symmetry) in collimated supersonic jets. We conclude that radiationless transitions are all slow in the $S_1$ zero-vibrational level of the isolated PAH molecule. Possible radiationless processes are intersystem crossing (ISC), internal conversion (IC), and predissociation. , {\bf 95}, 2311 (1995)} Predissociation does not take place because all of the bond energies are larger than the $S_1$ $\leftarrow $ $S_0$ excitation energy. The observed radiationless process has been presumed to be ISC so far. However, it is inconsistent with El-Sayed's rule that spin-orbit interaction is very weak between the $^1\pi\pi^*$ and $^3\pi\pi^*$ states. , {\bf 38}, 2834 (1963)} We have observed Zeeman splitting of each rotational line and shown that the magnetic moment is very small in the $S_1$ state. Therefore, the main radiationless process is not ISC to the triplet state, but IC to the hot ground state. IC is caused by non-Born-Oppenheimer vibronic interaction, , {\bf 44}, 3759 (1965)} which is expected to be very weak if the molecular structure is identical for both electronic states. The experimentally determined rotational constants are almost identical for the $S_0$ and $S_1$ states. It is consistent with the observed long lifetime and high fluorescence quantum yield of PAHs. We carried out $ab$ $initio$ calculation, and the resultant values of rotational constants of the $S_0$ state are in extremely good coincidence with the experimental ones for naphthalene and anthracene. On the contrary, for the excited state, it is necessary to perform huge SAC-CI calculation to obtain satisfactory results. Fast IC has been found, for instance, in high vibrational levels of benzene (channel 3), which is due to unavoided potential crossing (conical intersection). However, it is not likely in large PAHs because of the small geometrical change upon electronic excitation, which has been revealed by accurate determination of rotational constants.en_US
dc.publisherOhio State Universityen_US

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