Neosurreal Interior Design
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. Department of Consumer Sciences Honors Theses; 2009
Surrealism, defined by founder Andre Breton in 1924, is pure psychic automatism used to express the true functioning of thought, free of any moral or aesthetic consideration. Although always comprising the unexpected, Surrealism has three measurable general conventions: a juxtaposition of unrelated objects, incongruous changes in scale, and the fetishism of bodies and objects. Surrealism’s potential in interior design has been largely unexplored. According to the Lawton model, behavior is a function of a person and an environment; hence, by using unusual surreal characteristics to radically change the environment, designers can effect a positive change in human behavior. It is therefore necessary to isolate the types of environment change that will yield positive behavior as well as the personality type that will respond well to those changes. To evaluate these questions, one hundred students at Ohio State University and Bowling Green University completed a survey in which they evaluated 30 surreal images (10 representative of the three characteristics) for how much they liked the image and how it made them feel. The results indicate that students preferred scale, then juxtaposition, and then fetishism. Of three available word groups to describe emotions, students most often selected the group of ‘happy, creative, and free’ to describe how they felt. Most students reported having a neutral or better experience with the images overall. Pursuant to these results, one interior space was developed in each of juxtaposition, scale, and fetish styles. These spaces were invested with social and political commentary, and the style thus became "Neosurrealism." In a second survey, students evaluated each space, and liked the scale space the most. They preferred neosurreal interior design in commercial contexts, and had an overall ‘happy’ and positive experience with the spaces.
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