Modeling sources of variation for growth and predatory demand of Lake Erie walleye (Stizostedion vitreum), 1986-1995
Creators:Kershner, Mark W.
Schael, Denise M.
Knight, Roger L.
Stein, Roy A.
Marschall, Elizabeth A.
central basin (Lake Erie, OH)
western basin (Lake Erie, OH)
Lake Erie ecosystem
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Citation:Kershner, Mark W.; Schael, Denise M.; Knight, Roger L.; Stein, Roy A.; Marschall, Elizabeth A. "Modeling sources of variation for growth and predatory demand of Lake Erie walleye (Stizostedion vitreum), 1986-1995," Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 56, no. 4, 1999, pp. 527-538.
Given the variable nature of the Lake Erie ecosystem, we investigated biotic and abiotic sources of variation for walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) growth, consumption, and population-wide predatory demand. We determined how temperature, population structure, and age-specific consumption influenced walleye growth and consumption during 1986-1995. For each year, we used individual-based bioenergetics modeling to compare growth and consumption by walleye in Lake Erie's western or central basin with those of walleye moving seasonally between basins. Population structure strongly affected walleye growth and consumption but had little influence on interbasin growth rate comparisons. Based on water temperature alone, growth and consumption by western basin walleye were generally lower than for central basin or migratory populations and were more limited by summer water temperatures. In simulations combining effects of population structure, temperature, and age-specific consumption, migratory walleye grew most rapidly, taking advantage of temperature-related growth peaks in both basins. Estimates of walleye predatory demand declined with population size from 1988 through 1995. With natural feedbacks, predatory demand interacts with prey production, limiting walleye reproductive potential when prey availability is low. However, immediate impact on predatory inertia is limited, complicating our ability to predict how predatory demand and prey availability interact in Lake Erie.
Abstract in English and French
Support for this project was provided by a University Fellowship from the Graduate School of the Ohio State University (to M.W.K.) and by Federal Aid in Sportfish Restoration F-69-P, administered jointly by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Ohio Division of Wildlife, and by the Department of Zoology, Ohio State University.
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