Gender Differences in Intuitive Eating and Factors that Negatively Influence Intuitive Eating
Creators:Kroon Van Diest, Ashley
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. Department of Psychology Honors Theses; 2008
Research on intuitive eating has examined some correlates of intuitive eating, but is still rather limited. The current study was the first to examine gender differences in levels of intuitive eating. This study also assessed perceptions of an adaptive diet, and expanded on previous research assessing factors that negatively predict intuitive eating. Data was obtained from 259 college men and women by a self-report survey. Results indicated that men had higher total intuitive eating levels and were more likely to eat for physical rather than emotional reasons than women and that participants had a slightly skewed idea of an adaptive diet. Results also indicated that certain factors negatively influence intuitive eating such as: (1) perceptions of caregiver use of coercive feeding strategies, (2) being around individuals who are obsessed with food and weight, and (3) maladaptive personality characteristics (i.e. negative affect, depression, body dissatisfaction, low levels of body appreciation, maladaptive perfectionism, low levels of self-esteem, and low levels optimism).
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