Mershon Center for International Security Studies Annual Report 2002-2003
Keywords:Mershon Center Annual Report 2002-2003
use of force
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:Mershon Center for International Security Studies Annual Report. 2002-03
With the United States engaged in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan and Americans aware that violence may strike the homeland, national security remains at the top of the Mershon Center’s agenda. The war on terrorism has both increased the salience of national security and expanded the understanding of what is involved in defending the country. The military is asked to fight wars as well as engage in peacekeeping, policing and even nation-building. The importance of intelligence and the need to coordinate the activities of multiple agencies both at home and with allies abroad is clear. So is the need to understand the motive forces and calculations that drive violent conflict and the methods for defusing and defeating them. The national security agenda is broad and the Mershon Center can make a distinctive impact by focusing on topics that the faculty expertise at Ohio State is especially well equipped to address. In light of changes in the world and at strengths identified in selective investment decisions at the University, a new five-year plan for the Center was approved by the Provost this year. It charts a course for the Center that emphasizes four substantive foci. The first of these is the use of force and diplomacy in world affairs, using the study of military and diplomatic history to draw lessons for the contemporary scene. The second is the decision processes involved in making defense and foreign policies, with an effort to discover ways to improve these. Third, is the role culture plays in diplomacy and conflict as it shapes national, religious and ethnic identities. The fourth foci is the role law and institutions play in managing disputes that can lead to armed conflict. The substantive questions the Mershon Center focuses on are not dealt adequately from any single disciplinary perspective. The Center serves as a catalyst for interdisciplinary cooperation relying heavily on faculty members from multiple departments in the Colleges of the Humanities, the Social and Behavioral Sciences and Law. The Center also serves as a bridge between the academy and the policy making world. The Center does this primarily by emphasizing the scholarly study of central historical and causal claims that serve as assumptions underpinning national security strategies and policies. This annual report highlights the recent publications resulting from this work, introduces some of the people that have played key roles in producing this scholarship and gives a flavor of the content and variety of the seminars and lectures the Mershon Center has sponsored over the past year. Richard K. Herrmann Director, Mershon Center Professor of Political Science
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Recent Books By Mershon Center Scholars 5 Recent Articles By Mershon Center Scholars 7 Mershon Center Endowed Faculty Fellows 10 Mershon Center Faculty Fellows 13 2002-2003 Visiting Scholars 14 2002-2003 Mershon Center Post-Doctoral Fellows 15 2002-2003 Mershon Center Student Research Fellows 16 Mershon Center Funded Projects Studying Force and Diplomacy 17 Seminars and Invited Guest Speakers on Force and Diplomacy War with Iraq: A Mershon Center Panel 18 Protecting America’s Utility Infrastructure: A Forecasting Workshop 19 The Bush Administration’s Guiding Theory of International Politics, John Mearsheimer, University of Chicago 20 Military Operations in the Persian Gulf, Then and Now, Gen. Bernard Trainor 21 WW II Reconsidered in the Context of Modern Warfare, Jeremy Black, University of Exeter 22 Predation is Irrelevant in Most Armed Conflict: Evidence from the Minorities at Risk Project, Ted Robert Gurr, University of Maryland 23 Military Space Power: The Ultimate High Ground, Col. Douglas Hine, U.S. Air Force 24 How I Spent my Summer in Operation Enduring Freedom, Col. David Gray, U.S. Army 25 Mershon Center Funded Projects Studying Political and Economic Decision-Making 26 Seminars and Invited Guest Speakers on Political and Economic Decision-Making Why the War in Iraq is Just and Blueprint for a Democratic Iraq, Adeed Dawisha and Karen Dawisha, Miami University 27 Myths of Empire, Then and Now, Jack Snyder, Columbia University 28 Assessing the Case Against U.S. Unilateralism, William Wohlforth, Dartmouth University 29 The Political Economy of NGOs: From Human Rights to Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Alexander Cooley, Barnard College 30 Khrushchev’s Greatest Gamble, Timothy Naftali, University of Virginia 31 What Makes Threats Credible? Reputation and Credibility in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Daryl Press, Dartmouth University 32 A Lecture Series Featuring Ambassador Oleg Grinevsky 33 Filling in the Folk Theorem: How Do States Get to International Cooperation? Duncan Snidal, University of Chicago 34 The Political Climate in Contemporary Israel, Bert Rockman, The Ohio State University 35 Summer Institute in Political Psychology 36 Mershon Center Funded Projects Studying Culture and Identity 37 Seminars and Guest Speakers on Culture and Identity Israelis and Palestinians: What Does the Future Hold?, Giora Becher 38 Culture, Conflict and Security: The Impact of American Culture on Europe and the World in the 20th Century 38 Identity Matters...and How: An Interdisciplinary Conference 39 Cultural Diplomacy and the Image of the United States Abroad: A Symposium, with Richard Celeste, Colorado College, and Cynthia Schneider, Georgetown University 40 Writing the British Empire, William Roger Louis, University of Texas 42 Orientalism: American Style, Douglas Little, Clark University 43 Women In Development 43 Religion and Politics in the Arab World , Lahouari Addi, Princeton University 44 Lepers and Saints: Palestinian Proto-Nationalism and Nativist Ethnography of the 1920s, Salim Tamari 45 The Construction of Evil and the Violence of Purification, David Frankfurter, University of New Hampshire 46 Motive Matters: Liberalism and Insincerity, Michael Neblo, Ohio State 47 Compassion and Terror, Martha Craven Nussbaum, University of Chicago 47 Moral Improvisation: Making Morality Better and Making It Our Own, Barbara Herman, UCLA 48 Citizenship in Ancient Greek Philosophy,, Malcolm Schofield, Cambridge University 49 Restorative Justice and Emerging Debates on Citizenship and Reconciliation, Elizabeth Kiss, Duke University 50 Ohio in the World Lecture Series 51 Mershon Center Funded Projects Studying Laws and Institutions 52 Seminars and Guest Speakers on Laws and Institutions Redefining Sovereignty: An Interdisciplinary Conference 53 Assessing the Vitality of Electoral Democracy in the U.S.: A Conference on the 2000 Elections 54 Americans’ Hopes for U.S. Foreign Policy: Causes and Effects, Jon Krosnick, Ohio State 55 Watching Washington: Perspectives on the American Media and Politics, John Kasich 56 Covering the Pentagon and America at War, Tom Gjelten, NPR 56 Making Race and American Foreign Policy: Pan-African Politics From Paul Cuffe to the Congressional Black Caucus, Alvin Tillery, University of Notre Dame 57 Workshop on Adaptive Research and Governance in Climate Change 58 Privatizing Risk Without Privatizing The Welfare State: The Hidden Politics of Social Policy Retrenchment in the United States, Jacob Hacker, Yale University 59 Reforming Public Pensions: Lessons from the Advanced Industrial Countries, Kent Weaver, Brookings Institution 60 The State and Economic Transformation in Latin America and the Post-Communist World 61 Consolidating Indonesian Democracy: An International Conference 62
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