Children's Preferences for Color Schematics of Hospital Rooms
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Publisher:The Ohio State University
Series/Report no.:The Ohio State University. College of Nursing Honors Theses; 2007
Children’s Preferences for Color Schematics of Hospital Rooms Purpose: To examine children’s preferences of color specifically regarding the organization of such in hospital rooms. Three main schematics, the way color is organized, will be evaluated: solid color, color within a design, and color within an environmental mural. Reducing stress surrounding the hospital experience is believed to hasten recovery and decrease potentially harmful emotional and physical effects. Research regarding the effects of hospitalization on children has focused primarily on parents’ perceptions of their children’s hospitalization rather than the children’s own perception (Oglivie, 1990). Research has focused on children’s perceptions of stress in other environments and situation, such as school, family structure, and physical living conditions (Huang & Menke, 2001; Menke, 2000; Sharrer & Ryan-Wenger, 1995). The way children perceive the environment is their reality; this it is important to learn about children’s preferences in physical features of their hospital rooms. Subjects: 61 students ages 7-14 years who attend Lial Catholic School in Whitehouse, Ohio were given a survey to complete. Methods: Participants completed an anonymous survey of nine open and closed ended questions concerning some demographic data, color preferences and reasoning for such preferences. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize close ended responses. Open ended questions were content analyzed (Krippendorf, 2004). Results: Research Question 1: Which of three color schematics of hospital rooms do children prefer? 49.2% chose the pattern schematic, 44,3% chose the mural schematic, and 6.6 % chose the plain blue schematic. Research Question 2: What are the reasons children give for their color schematic preferences?Plain: “because it is plain,” Pattern: “tiles, relaxing, patterns, colorful, and ”Mural: “reminds of outside, ocean, water, relaxing, peaceful.” Conclusions: The information gained from this study is important to better understand the physical features of hospital rooms that children would like. It is an initial step towards developing rooms that may be more appealing to school-aged children.
Lida Shriver Nursing Scholarship and College of Nursing Research Fund