Day-length during seed development affects germinability and storability of lettuce seeds
Advisor:Bennett, Mark A.
MetadataShow full item record
Series/Report no.:Horticulture and Crop Science. Graduate student poster competition, 2007
Seed quality is determined in part by the environment under which the seeds are produced. The objective of this study was to determine how day-length of the mother plant environment affects lettuce seed quality. Seeds of cv. Tango were produced in growth chambers under one of two treatments: i) short day (SD), consisting of 8 h of fluorescent light (~310 micromol•m-2•s-1) plus 16 h of darkness daily, and ii) long day (LD), consisting of 8 h of fluorescent light plus 8 h of incandescent light (~21 micromol•m-2•s-1) and 8 h of darkness daily. The LD treatment produced significantly heavier seeds, however germination at optimal conditions (20°C-light) was similar for both treatments. At suboptimal conditions (30°C, 20°C with different external ABA concentrations, or dark), seed germinability (% and rates) from SD treatment was higher. After accelerated aging (41°C, ~100%RH, 72 h) germination of normal seedlings was higher for seeds from LD. Seed germination was also evaluated after 2, 4, and 6 months of storage at 30°C, 74% RH. Stored seed presented a progressive and significant reduction of germinability for both treatments, however seeds from SD were more affected. The results indicated that day-length during seed development affected lettuce seed weight, germinability, and storability. In this case, germinability and storability were inversely related. The critical moment for day-length effects was also studied. Seed size showed to be determined earlier during seed development (first 6 days). Conversely, seed germinability and storability were determined at the end of seed development, after physiological maturity.
Items in Knowledge Bank are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.