Cultural Influences on the Science Career Choices of Women
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Citation:The Ohio Journal of Science. v91, n3 (June, 1991), 129-133
Intensive interviews of 35 Ohio State University women graduate students revealed cultural differences influencing the selection of academic majors and careers by American and international women in the sciences and the humanities. Poor or inadequate mathematics and science teaching, pressures to conform to gender-role expectations, and students' social concerns were some of the reasons humanities students selected their courses and majors. Asian and African women usually reported strong familial and societal pressures for selecting scientific careers, while Europeans and some Americans were motivated by personal interest in the subject matter of their disciplines. The findings of this study contribute to the understanding of women's level of participation in science courses, majors, and careers, and may enhance educators' efforts to improve science education for women.
Author Institution: Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Wright State University