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Fast/Major and Slow/Minor pairings in J.S. Bach’s Well Tempered Clavier Books 1 and 2

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Title: Fast/Major and Slow/Minor pairings in J.S. Bach’s Well Tempered Clavier Books 1 and 2
Creators: Horn, Katelyn; Costa-Giomi, Eugenia
Keywords: music
minor mode
minor key
tempo
sad
J. S. Bach
Issue Date: 2011-07
Publisher: Empirical Musicology Review
Citation: Empirical Musicology Review, v6 n3 (July 2011), 155-163
Abstract: Some studies have found that subjects give higher preference ratings and clearer emotional descriptions to pieces with the tempo/mode pairs fast/major and slow/minor. If these findings are true, one might expect to find a predominance of fast/major and slow/minor pairings in musical literature. This study looks for just such a trend in the canonical work of J.S. Bach’s Well Tempered Clavier. Books 1 and 2 together contain 24 Major Preludes, 24 Minor Preludes, 24 Major Fugues and 24 Minor Fugues. We use four different measurements of fast/slow tempo based both on elements within the musical notation as well as the interpretive markings of four different music editors: 1. Attacks Per Beat (APB) – measures the number of subdivisions of each piece 2. Attacks Per Minute (APM) – is the APB of a piece multiplied by the editor’s metronome marking 3. Time Signature Distribution and 4. Editor’s Tempo Distribution. We find a significant amount of fast/major and slow/minor pairings in Book 1 but not in Book 2.
Series/Report no.: EMR000114a
ISSN: 1559-5749
Other Identifiers: EMR000114a
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/52810
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