MOA-2011-BLG-293Lb: A testbed for pure survey microlensing planet detections

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Title: MOA-2011-BLG-293Lb: A testbed for pure survey microlensing planet detections
Creators: Yee, Jennifer
Advisor: Gould, Andrew
Issue Date: 2012-02
Abstract: Microlensing planet searches are transitioning from "survey+followup" mode to "pure survey" mode, wherein events will be monitored without reference to the presence of planets, which will enable a more rigorous statistical interpretation. Such surveys will be able to monitor many more events but at a lower cadence than typical followup observations, meaning that the significance of the planets detected in this manner will be lower. It would be useful to test these pure survey detections to ensure that even with sparser data, the planets can be reliably detected. MOA-2011-BLG-293 provides one such test. This planet is robustly detected in survey+followup data (DeltaChi^2~5400). The planet/host mass ratio is q=5.1 +/- 0.2*10^(-3). The best fit projected separation is s=0.545 +/- 0.005 Einstein radii. However, due to the s -> 1/s degeneracy, projected separations of 1/s are only marginally disfavored at DeltaChi^2=2. A Bayesian estimate of the host mass gives M_L = 0.44^{+0.27}_{-0.17} M_Sun, with a sharp upper limit of M_L < 1.2 M_Sun from upper limits on the lens flux. Hence, the best estimate of the planet mass is m_p=2.4^{+1.4}_{-0.9} M_Jup, and the physical projected separation is either r_perp ~ 1.0 AU or r_perp ~ 3.5 AU. We show that survey data alone correctly predict this solution and are able to characterize the planet even though the signal from the planet is close to the limit of detectability (DeltaChi^2~500). Analyzing a large sample of events like MOA-2011-BLG-293, which have both followup data and high cadence survey data, will provide a guide for the interpretation of pure survey microlensing data.
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal, In Review
Embargo: No embargo
Series/Report no.: 2012 Edward F. Hayes Graduate Research Forum. 26th
Keywords: Planets and satellites:detection
Planets and satellites:individual:MOA-2011-BLG-293Lb
Gravitational lensing: micro
Description: Mathematical and Physical Sciences: 1st Place (The Ohio State University Edward F. Hayes Graduate Research Forum)
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