Modelling Perception of Structure and Affect in Music: Spectral Centroid and Wishart’s Red Bird

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Title: Modelling Perception of Structure and Affect in Music: Spectral Centroid and Wishart’s Red Bird
Creators: Dean, Roger T.; Bailes, Freya
Keywords: time series analysis
musical structure
musical affect
information theoretic analysis
computational modelling of cognition
electroacoustic music
Issue Date: 2011-04
Publisher: Empirical Musicology Review
Citation: Empirical Musicology Review, v6 n2 (Apr 2011), 131-137
Abstract: Pearce (2011) provides a positive and interesting response to our article on time series analysis of the influences of acoustic properties on real-time perception of structure and affect in a section of Trevor Wishart’s Red Bird (Dean & Bailes, 2010). We address the following topics raised in the response and our paper. First, we analyse in depth the possible influence of spectral centroid, a timbral feature of the acoustic stream distinct from the high level general parameter we used initially, spectral flatness. We find that spectral centroid, like spectral flatness, is not a powerful predictor of real-time responses, though it does show some features that encourage its continued consideration. Second, we discuss further the issue of studying both individual responses, and as in our paper, group averaged responses. We show that a multivariate Vector Autoregression model handles the grand average series quite similarly to those of individual members of our participant groups, and we analyse this in greater detail with a wide range of approaches in work which is in press and continuing. Lastly, we discuss the nature and intent of computational modelling of cognition using acoustic and music- or information theoretic data streams as predictors, and how the music- or information theoretic approaches may be applied to electroacoustic music, which is ‘sound-based’ rather than note-centred like Western classical music.
Series/Report no.: EMR000097c
ISSN: 1559-5749
Other Identifiers: EMR000097c
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