Relations Among Bone Health Measures and Beverage Intakes During the Bone Building Years

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Title: Relations Among Bone Health Measures and Beverage Intakes During the Bone Building Years
Creators: Braun, Ashlea
Advisor: Christopher, Taylor
Issue Date: 2011-06
Abstract: Because osteoporosis is a result of dietary habits during the bone building years, it is important to evaluate beverages that have a positive impact on bone health and those that may be detrimental. This study examined the beverage intakes of 3167 individuals, 20 -35 years old from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Beverage intakes were assessed using data from the 24-hour recalls. The individual food list was recoded to classify the following beverage categories: coffee and tea, milk, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), juice, water, and alcohol. These data were used to quantify the amount of each beverage category consumed and to classify individuals as drinkers or non-drinkers. There was a significant relationship between the amount of milk, SSB, juice, and alcohol, with BMC and BMD, while coffee and tea was correlated with BMC. Those who drink water had significantly higher BMD and BMC, while those who drank SSB had significantly lower BMC. No significant differences were found in BMC or BMD for the other beverage categories. Further research is needed to determine the effect of long-term beverage intake patterns on bone health.
Embargo: No embargo
Series/Report no.: The Ohio State University. School of Allied Medical Professions Honors Theses; 2011
Keywords: Health
Phosphoric Acid
Description: Denman Undergraduate Research Forum - 2nd place, Health Professions - Clinical
Ohio Dietetic Association Student Research Award
Undergraduate Honors Thesis Proposal Scholarship ($6,385)
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